The lies Trump told this week: who’s paying for the wall to immigration costs
A meeting this week with Mexican President Enrique Pea Nieto only led to more embarrassment about the Republican nominees immigration plans
We did discuss the wall. We didnt discuss pay of the wall. Thatll be for a later date. 31 August, Mexico City
Mexican president Enrique Pea Nieto immediately contradicted Trumps account of their session on Wednesday, writing on Twitter: At the start of the conversation with Donald Trump I made it clear that Mexico will not pay for the wall.
Trumps campaign later said the session was not a negotiation, meaning its possible neither human is lying and that pay for a wall was never discussed at length, though it was apparently at least raised by Pea Nieto.
Illegal migration expenses our country more than $113 bn a year. 31 August, Phoenix
Trumps figure comes from a 2013 report by the Federation for American Immigration Report( Fair ), a group that advocates for drastic cuts to even legal immigration and has been called a abhor group by the Southern Poverty Law Center. Trump misstated research reports net calculate, which was actually $99 bn including tax revenues.
The report explains its calculate by saying there are 13 million undocumented people, and includes children of migrants in that figure including 3.4 million children born to immigrant mothers in the US, who the hell is citizens simply descended from immigrants, like most Americans and Trump himself. The Fair report then tabulates $29 bn in costs to the federal government and $84 bn to state and local governments, mostly in education costs and medical expenses.
The Heritage Foundation, another conservative group, estimated that undocumented immigrants expense the US about $85 bn in benefits in 2010. Government estimates from the 1990 s put the number far lower, from about $12 bn to $22 bn be held accountable for about five million immigrants. A 2007 analysis by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office concluded that the cost of migrants is most likely modest to government at any level, but that its hard to make any clear estimate.
The government has a fairly strong notion about how many people are in the US without legal authorization. Employing data regarding the Census, Department of Homeland Security, Office of Refugee Resettlement and surveys and analysis from Mexico and Latin American countries, the DHS and nonpartisan Pew Research have each been able to estimate the number, and arrived at similar figures in recent years: around 11.3 to 11.5 million people. The margin of fault for these figures is generally around a million people at most , not 20 million as Trump says.
Pew and the DHS both try to account for deaths, under-counted groups, arrivals and deviations, and have adjusted their computations based on decades worth of studies. Both discover that net migration has stabilized in recent years, and that more unauthorized Mexicans are leaving the US than entering it.
The US has no open borders, though Trump appears to be using the word to belittle Barack Obamas is supportive of immigration reform and protection for some undocumented people from expulsion. But Obama has deported a record more than 2.5 million people since he took office, including a record 438,421 people in 2013, and increased Border Patrol staff to a record 21,444 agents in 2011; his policy could not reasonably be described as amnesty or open borders.
Clinton supports reform to let people pass background checks and pay back taxes in order to stay in the US, and she supports Obamas executive actions to shield some migrants, such as people who were brought to the US as children. Like Obama, she supports the deportation for people with criminal records.
Clinton has not pledged amnesty: she has promised an immigration reform plan that would let people gradually become citizens after background checks and back taxes. She has not specified many details of the scheme, but the Senate bipartisan plan, killed in 2013 by House Republican, outlined a 13 -year path to citizenship that would likely serve as Clintons model.
She also supports Barack Obamas programs for deferred action for some migrants, called Daca and Dapa( the latter is pending review in the courts ). She has proposed expanding Obamas healthcare act to cover migrants regardless of immigration status, but not providing them with social security systems or Medicare unless they attain some kind of legal status. They could, for instance, become eligible under Daca, which would also require proof of 10 years work history, paid taxes, and reaching retirement age.
Trump has borrowed this figure from an ally, Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama, who claims Clinton would continue to grant asylum to 55,000 Syrian refugees every year in addition to 100,000 refugees from the Countries of the middle east in general. Clinton has called for allowing 55,000 refugees from Syria for one year, and has not proposed yearly asylum for 155,000 Countries of the middle east refugees for her term.
A 2011 report from the Government Accountability Office found that illegal immigrants and other non-citizens, in our prisons and incarcerates together, had around 25,000 murder apprehends to their names. 31 August, Phoenix
Trumps dual claims about migrants and crime are misinforming for what they dont say: context of what years hes talking about, and about what those figures actually say about crime in the US.
The 2011 report counts 25,064 murder arrests of undocumented people, across Arizona, California, Florida, New York and Texas, but it spans six years and that figure amounts to only 1% of virtually three million apprehends detailed in the study. More than 500,000 apprehends were for immigration offenses( 18% ), more than 500,000 for narcotic offenses( 17%) and more than 400,00 for traffic violations( 14% ).
For context, 4,813 people were killed in police-related demises in those six years, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and there were more than 15,000 homicides each of those years in the US.
Other independent reports devote more context about noncitizen crime. A 2012 Congressional Research Service report, tracking citizen and non-citizen crimes from 2001 to 2010, found that in that decade only about 0.5% of sentenced non-citizens were convicted of violent crimes, while about 5.2% of sentenced citizens were convicted for violent crimes. A separate 2014 report by the US Sentencing Commission noted distinctions in some of the 2013 figures , noting 67% of noncitizen offenders transgressed immigration law, and 17% were narcotic wrongdoers.
Read more: Abogado Inmigracion y Naturalizacion